World Heart Day: The Effects Of Obesity On Heart Health






Posted by Dr Nisha Jain on September 29, 2017

Obesity puts a lot of pressure on your body. When you are overweight you feel tired easily even in a few steps. But that isn’t the only effect of obesity. In our earlier blogs on Slimming Studios and CPRR, we have frequently mentioned some of the stern side effects of obesity that include back and body pain, joint disarrays, increased insulin resistance, hypertension, and high cholesterol. Do you know that you could be at a greater risk of heart diseases because of long-term obesity? Yes, that’s true. Studies in the medical science have tabled many pieces of evidence to bring this fact into the light.

In this blog, I attempt to enlighten my readers about the effects of obesity and overweight conditions on your heart.

There is no denying that obesity drags you closer to several severe health conditions. While some of these conditions make people’s life difficult, there are many that, if unaddressed, could even cause death. The human heart is a soft, important, and vulnerable organ. It is straight-forwardly affected by the lifestyle you lead. If your lifestyle is moderate, your heart’s health is moderately healthy.

Obesity is a prevalent problem in the United States as well as in the world. About 70% of the US adults are overweight. Obesity, at times, is an outcome of unregulated, undisciplined lifestyle. However, it develops into a disease, an incorrigible and difficult-to-treat disease over time.

Effects of obesity are plenty, including different types of diabetes; cardiovascular and artery diseases; cancer; depression; and abnormalities in lung and cognitive functions. Strokes and other heart-related disorders are also common among overweight individuals.

The relationship between heart and adiposity is complicated. Until the last decade, the connection between obesity and heart diseases were considered indirect. A fourteen-year-long, in-depth study conducted by the American Heart Association shows that women between 40 to 50 age group with a BMI between 23 and 25 are 50% more exposed to coronary heart diseases. The study also hints that men in 40 to 60 age-group with a BMI between 25 and 29 have 72% more chances of coronary heart diseases.

Therefore, maintaining a below 25 BMI is always recommendable during adulthood i.e. late twenties and throughout thirties and forties. That goes for men and women both. Additionally, regulated diet and exercise plan should be practiced to obviate such possibilities.

Increased Risk of Heart Diseases

Now let’s talk about how obesity creates a chaos in the functions of your heart and sets your body on the path of critical heart diseases. It is evident that obesity is a common cause of many health conditions such as inactivity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, inadequate cholesterol levels, reduced glucose tolerance, and diabetes. According to the medical science, these conditions are typically found during the early stages of coronary heart diseases. The severity and the risk on your heart increase with each point rise in your BMI.

Further, Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) also translates into a bigger problem. The muscle wall of your heart’s left pumping chamber, technically known as Ventricle, thickens owing to prolonged overweight conditions. The increased ventricular volume and the tension on the chamber’s wall magnify the stroke volume and cardiac output – a full-of-risk juncture of heart disorders. The changes in the wall tension and volume may even cause sudden death.

Hypertension is also a well-known health condition for people suffering from obesity. In fact, obese individuals are three times more likely to have hypertension. There is simple mathematics behind it. With your BMI, your blood pressure rises.

The left chamber of the heart is not the only part to become a victim of long-term obesity. The right part of the heart, too, gets adversely affected because of obesity. Dilatation, progressive dysfunction and ultimately, heart failure are a few conditions in the right pumping chamber of your heart encouraged by long-term overweight conditions.

In conclusion, I want to mention that it is possible to reduce the chances of heart disorder by controlling your weightbody fat, and shape. For that, noteworthy lifestyle changes would be required. Sometimes, a surgery may be required to cut the excess body fat out from your body.

Limiting or restricting sodium intakes can be greatly helpful. Both these practices can increase ventricle functions and oxygenation in an obese person’s body system. Studies indicate that taking a medical or surgical weight loss procedure could reduce the risk of mortality due to cardiovascular and heart-related diseases.

weight loss treatment should be determined only after assessing the medical condition and severity of obesity of an individual. In addition to that, we focus on treating other comorbidities that proceed or are proceeded by overweight conditions to ascend the effectiveness of weight loss efforts.

Healthy lifestyle modifications are imperative. These changes do include a healthy diet that is free from harmful elements and is low on the calorie count. Following a healthy lifestyle also require you to follow a training program that increases your everyday physical activity.

Let’s take a pledge on September 29, which is the World Heart Day, to get rid of obesity and cancel the chances of heart diseases!

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